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Dead Sea Israel
The Lowest Point on Earth
Dead Sea Israel is called in Hebrew Yam Hamelach or the Sea of Salt.
It is located between Jordan and Israel, being the east coast in Jordanian territory and to the west Israel.
It is known also by the names of Sea of the Arava, Sea of Sodom, Sea of Lot.
The crusaders called it the Devil’s Sea. All the names reflect the nature of this very salty lake.
Dead Sea Minerals are an important source of income
Dead Sea Israel is on the Syria African Rift and is the lowest point on Earth, almost 400 meters below sea level.
I remember when as a child we used to draw the maps of Israel and Yam Hamelach was one long lake with a narrow area called the “tongue”.
Now this narrow area is dry and the Dead Sea is divided into two well formed lakes the northern and southern parts. This is clearly seen on a Dead Sea Map.
Why is it called the Dead Sea?
The salinity of the lake is so high, actually one of the highest on the planet, that there is no possibility of marine life in its waters.
Its waters come from the Jordan River that ends on the northern corner of the sea and from little rain that falls during the year.
Also some springs and rivers flow into the sea. But no body of water flows “out” of the Dead Sea. The high temperatures and the constant evaporation of the waters is what cause the concentration of salt and mineral in its waters.
Dead Sea Cosmetics
Since Biblical times it has been visited by many from the whole Mediterranean area. Great people like King David, King Solomon, the Queen of Sheba and Cleopatra visited the Dead Sea or imported its minerals.
Products from the sea have been used as cosmetics and herbal potions for centuries. This is a tremendous industry that started here and today you may see the products in any store in America, Europe or Australia. The curative qualities of these products are world known.
Dead Sea Swimming is a terrific experience
Dead Sea Israel Resorts
The shores of Dead Sea Israel are covered by many Spa Resorts serving the area. Tourist with skin diseases flock here from every corner of the world for treatment to their illnesses. All the hotels have spa facilities to cater to these clients.
Treatments have been helping patients for years and many tour operators dedicate themselves to organize this kind of tours.
Recommended Resorts on the Dead Sea Israel in the area of Ein Bokek
Daniel Dead Sea Hotel
Hotel offers a luxurious spa, a Dead Sea saltwater pool, Finnish and steam sauna and treatment rooms. Hotel offers beauty & Spa packages throughout the year. A large modern structure, built in white stones, arched windows and balconies overlooking the sea. The hotel is located on the mountain side facing the Dead Sea, at the hotel's area.
Crowne Plaza Hotel Dead Sea
At the lowest place on Earth, right at the edge of the Sea with its own private beach, the Crowne Plaza Dead Sea is waiting to pamper you at the highest level possible.
The hotel houses a unique large freshwater pool with internal currents and is heated during the winter. The hotel serves three meals a day. Lobby Carnival is the hotel dairy restaurant, serving an assortment of salads, sandwiches, toasts, pizza, ice cream, homemade cakes and a selection of hot, cold and alcoholic beverages.
Crowne Plaza Dead Sea offers a kosher Asian fusion restaurant a culinary sensation of tempting dishes and amazing flavors.
The large and luxurious spa offers a fitness room, a heated pool with saltwater from the Dead Sea, two Jacuzzi, two sulfur pools, wet and dry saunas and two pressure showers.
Le Meridien Dead Sea Hotel
With its central location, Le Meridien David Dead Sea Hotel is within easy reach of most tourist attractions and business addresses in Ein Bokek. Le Meridien David Dead Sea Hotel boasts a convenient location with modern amenities in every guestroom and superb service.
Each guestroom has air conditioning, bathrobes, desk, hair dryer, in room safe, bathtub.
In addition, the hotel's guests can enjoy the leisure and sports facilities provided on the premises: massage, indoor pool , jacuzzi, gym, sauna, spa. This hotel is characterized by a combination of modern comfort and traditional element making it a distinct accommodation.
The Daniel Hotel at the Dead Sea Israel
Dead Sea Swimming
It is an experience by itself. The moment you try to swim you notice that you are floating without any effort. The density of the salt and minerals in the waters makes it dense and thick providing a surface to float.
One recommendation: Beware of little cuts, it burns like hell. Go out and run to the nearest fresh water shower provided near the beaches.
Sun tanning in the Dead Sea Israel
You’ll be surprised to find out that you may not need a sun tan lotion.
Being 400 meters below sea level the amount of atmosphere covering the area is 400 meters more that in a regular beach, therefore the ultra violet rays do not penetrate this extra layer and your skin is protected when you are sun tanning.
Dead Sea Minerals
On the southwest side of the sea around 1500 employees of the Dead Sea Works harvest the important minerals from the waters. The number one in importance is Potash and it is mainly used in the production of fertilizers.
Dead Sea Israel Attractions
Dead Sea Scrolls
In the ancient settlement of Qumran, the set of texts of extreme great importance were found. They are written in papyrus and parchment. The texts are mainly in Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek.
These are a series of caves on the northern side of the sea, where the Dead Sea Scrolls were found by Bedouin shepherds.
This is a real oasis in the desert. It is located on the northwestern side of the Dead Sea, near Qumran and Masada. It features caves and springs and a variety of flora and fauna.
It is mentioned in the Bible and specifically in Shir Hashirim, the Son of Songs of King Solomon.
Masada is a symbol of Jewish resistance against the Romans
Located on the west side of the Dead Sea and the slopes of the Judaean Mountains, this is a fortress built on a plateau that served a refuge to the Jews in the times of the Romans.
Legend says that the few remaining in Masada committed suicide instead of surrendering to the Roman troops.
Masada is today one of Israel’s main attractions visited by thousands of tourist on a daily basis. The view to the Dead Sea and the Jordanian Mountains is awe inspiring.
There are many reasons to visit Dead Sea Israel. It is worth making a reservation in one of the Dead Sea Resorts, and staying a few days.
It is just an hour and a half from Jerusalem as you go down from 800 meters above to 400 meters below sea level.